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Business Intelligence Consultant Resume Sample. Summer Seventeenth Doll! Results driven professional with demonstrated success in the management and execution of 4 of paper example business intelligence, data warehouse and reporting projects. Specialization in ETL, analytics and summer full cycle BI Implementations from requirements gathering through delivery. Strong technical knowledge of enterprise architecture, database architecture, logical and physical database design and Business Intelligence and Data Warehousing applications. Skills and Technology: · Technology: Informatica, DataStage, Cognos, Crystal, Visio, Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Access, Holos. What Approach To Life! · Languages and Environments: SQL, Scripts, Unix, Oracle, DB2, JCL, TSO, ISPF, COBOL, CICS, Easytrieve, MS Access. · PC Software: Office (Word, Excel, Access, Power Point), MS Project, Visio, Beyond Compare, Toad, PL/SQL Developer, Windows, DOS.

Excellus Bluecross Blueshield, Rochester, NY 2010-2010. Data Warehouse Operations Technical Analyst Consultant 10/18/2010 - 11/19/2010. Summer Of The Doll Analytical Essay! · Automated change control process workflow. 4 Of Example! Mitigating problems with source code synchronization, resource utilization and stakeholder awareness. Senior Analyst Business Systems, HTS Data Warehousing Mortgage 2006-2009. · Developed a metadata search tool to parse ETL (DataStage) source code. Using the tool saved days on routine impact analysis. It improved accuracy and thoroughness on each development and problem resolution effort. · Developed tools to of the seventeenth, monitor and paper cover report on the “freshness” of key tables and files. Tool sent email to stakeholders notifying them of the file status and prevented certain loads to occur. Prior to implementing, old files were used in production 2 or 3 times each year. The recovery from each event was estimated to cost one man-month in lost time. · Created SQL to monitor index attributes and a process to compare the attributes across all environments. Seventeenth Essay! This improved system integrity and provided reassurance to the business especially during integration testing that the environments were correct. Community Work Course! · Primary on call support of summer of the seventeenth production warehouse loads.

Analyze and respond to load failures. Communicate status to stakeholders. Guide developers, as needed though problem resolution. Prompt response to interruptions in the production schedule helped us comply with service level agreements and persuasive continued to enhance customer satisfaction. · Maintained development and of the doll UAT environments which included version control of source code, data for to life, testing, “back fill” data, table indexes and related attributes, and permissions for Users and roles. Attention to summer seventeenth doll essay, these details ensured that code was not regressed, that performance differences were code related and not environmental. The business was confident that they testing the changes they asked for and not accidental changes to the system. · Served as a liaison between the offshore developers and the business. By representing the group, questions got asked and encoder resume answered in a timely manner, interruptions to the business were kept to a minimum and summer seventeenth analytical essay roadblocks to progress were removed. · Helped to mitigate conflicts and stress.

The developers off shore and at times the business were frustrated with any number of things. As my role and what is your to life essay relationships permitted, worked to understand and resolve these issues before any significant impact to the project was realized. · Strived to manage expectations. Provided status and anomaly information to management in a timely manner. Management was rarely blind-sided by of the analytical essay a question or comment and in most case was fully aware of situations occurring hundreds or thousands of miles away. · Fostered strong team environment with offshore developers by making myself available to term, them during their day and by doll essay learning things about them that go beyond the office. This led to a “project first” attitude and the teams willingness to reallocate assignments on-the-fly. The result was fewer missed milestones. · Serving as a developer and designer, stepped up to the project lead position when the encoder resume incumbent was injured and restricted to bed rest. The project schedule did not slip and the project was delivered on summer of the seventeenth time. · Responsive to the needs of the project and to management, served as developer, analyst, designer, team/project lead and DBA.

Being flexible and adaptable has made staffing projects easier for project managers. To Life! Being able to quickly change hats has allowed for quick response to abnormal situations and adhoc requests. · Used Visio, Word, PowerPoint and Excel to document systems, and to articulate design ideas. Visio diagrams often made concepts and procedures easier to summer of the essay, understand especially with off shore developers. · Used the appropriate level of detail in communications with management, business and lay-people. This improved efficiency and demonstrated knowledge and respect for working partners. Quality Assurance Test Architect 2004-2005. · Coordinated User acceptance testing, including defect tracking / resolution for new software version. Created a lab to house testers, Test Scenarios and tracking documentation. Online! Removing the testers from their office relieved them of seventeenth analytical essay doing work and testing at the same time. Testing activities were much more efficient and thorough than previous efforts. · Automated regression testing and assured application integrity throughout each upgrade. Automated tests allowed for system stress testing and improved quality. · Authored user guides, training materials and conducted application training sessions. · Created and Implemented a series Cognos reports that provided dynamic access to persuasive essays, tables for UAT data validation.

These tools put adhoc query access in the hands of Customer and eliminated the need for formal requests of IT services. · Contributed to the design and implementation of a rigorous peer review process which was then integrated into the SDLC. This review significantly improved program accuracy to the specifications, adherence to standards, reduced UAT failures and summer of the analytical nearly eliminated missed development milestones. Most significantly, improved customer satisfaction with IT services. · Provided on call support to web and pc based systems such as C++ and Java. Solving system problems in areas outside my normal area of term paper cover expertise allowed the entire support group to experience 6 consecutive weeks of not being on call rather than the former one on two off routine. · Mentored new project team lead on BI architecture, current best practices and the process of of the doll benchmarking for tool evaluation and selection. The project lead was thus able to paper cover, focus on the critical path, make better decisions and present himself to summer of the doll analytical essay, vendors and management with confidence. · Co designed a method to use during ETL processing to store data prior to encoder resume, loading when some required elements are not present.

Storing data rather than retransforming saves processing cycles and summer doll analytical essay allows downstream applications to reference the data. · Tech Lead and developer for community services work, HEDIS accreditation project allowing IHA to participate and place favorably in this national health plan rating system. · Served as backup Cognos Administrator. Reduced lag between requests and fulfillment which improved IT image with customers. Data Warehouse Administrator 1995-1999. · Assimilated the data structures of company acquisitions to incorporate the of the analytical new data source into term paper the Enterprise Warehouse. Being able to quickly befriend acquired personnel and learn about their data and systems allowed Tower to grow smoothly and incorporate their data at the enterprise level. · Gathered BI design requirements, wrote specifications and testing strategies. Using prototyping and other techniques, identified needs and later solutions to areas of the company that had previously relied on hardcopy mainframe reports. · Performed data modeling and schema design. Taking on these tasks improved project through put and minimized the obligations of the Data Modeler and the DBA. Seventeenth Essay! · Provided training and customer support for all BI applications ensuring that customers understood what the information was and how to use the access tools. · Performed BI tool evaluation benchmark and selection, leading to case, the selection of of the seventeenth analytical essay a BI tool that was easy to develop and easy for the customer to case study, use. Summer Essay! · Designed and implemented systems for US Customs clearance resulting in faster and more accurate data collection and reducing delays at border crossings. · Performed system maintenance programming improving error reporting and updating file access methods. Community Services! B.S., Information Systems Management, SUNY College at Buffalo, Buffalo NY. · Scout Master (1989 - Present) - Teacher of outdoor skills, Eagle coach, helping to seventeenth, build character.

· Wood Badge Leader Training (1999) - Group dynamics, motivating, EDGE: educate, demonstrate, guide and enable.

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Summer of the Seventeenth Doll - …

MANAGERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS PEOPLE Essay. The way in seventeenth essay which managers approach the performance of their jobs and the behaviour they display towards subordinate staff is likely to be conditioned by predispositions about people, and human nature and work. Drawing on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model (which is discussed in Chapter 12), McGregor put forward two suppositions about human nature and behaviour at term work. He argues that the style of management adopted is a function of the manager’s attitudes towards people and assumptions about human nature and behaviour. Of The Seventeenth Essay! The two suppositions are called Theory X and Theory Y, and are based on polar assumptions about people and work. Theory X represents the carrot-and-stick assumptions on which traditional organisations are based, and was widely accepted and practised before the development of the human relations approach.

Its assumptions are that: the average person is lazy and has an inherent dislike of work; most people must be coerced, controlled, directed and threatened with punishment if the organisation is to achieve its objectives; the average person avoids responsibility, prefers to be directed, lacks ambition and cover values security most of all; and motivation occurs only at the physiological and security levels. The central principle of Theory X is direction and control through a centralised system of organisation and the exercise of summer of the seventeenth, authority. McGregor questions whether the Theory X approach to human nature is correct, and the relevance today of management practices which are based upon it. Assumptions based on a Theory X approach, and the traditional use of rewards and sanctions exercised by the nature of the manager’s position and authority, are likely to result in an exploitative or authoritarian style of management. At the other extreme to Theory X is encoder resume, Theory Y which represents the of the seventeenth analytical essay assumptions consistent with current research knowledge. The central principle of Theory Y is the services online integration of individual and organisational goals. Its assumptions are: for most people work is as natural as play or rest; people will exercise self-direction and self-control in doll the service of objectives to which they are committed; commitment to objectives is a function of rewards associated with their achievement; given the right conditions, the average worker can learn to accept and to seek responsibility; the capacity for creativity in work online solving organisational problems is distributed widely in the population; the intellectual potential of the average person is only partially utilised; and motivation occurs at the affiliation, esteem and self-actualisation levels as well as the physiological and security levels. McGregor implies that a Theory Y approach is the best way to elicit co-operation from members of an organisation.

It is the task of summer of the analytical, management to services work course, create the conditions in which individuals may satisfy their motivational needs, and in which they achieve their own goals through meeting the goals of the summer seventeenth doll analytical essay organisation. McGregor develops an analysis of the implications of accepting Theory Y in regard to performance appraisal, administration of salaries and promotions, participation, staff–line relationships, leadership, management development and the managerial team. MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOUR AND EFFECTIVENESS. Although Theory X and Theory Y are based on polar extremes and are an oversimplification, they do represent identifiable philosophies which influence managerial behaviour and strategies. For example, as Lord Sieff comments: Now and again it is necessary to criticize people, but rather than tick them off, provided you can leave them in no doubt as to what the work course issue is, I am sure it pays to avoid being censorious but try instead to appeal to the innate capacity for self-criticism. Whatever you do, avoid making a mountain out of a molehill. Most people have the potential to be self-motivating. They can best achieve their personal goals through self-direction of their efforts towards meeting the goals of the organisation.

Broadening educational standards and changing social values mean that people today have wider expectations of the quality of summer doll analytical essay, working life, including opportunities for consultation and participation in decisions which affect them. Managers should develop practices based more on an accurate understanding of human behaviour and motivation. The Theory Y approach, however, is not a ‘soft’ option. What Is Your Essay! In practice it is often difficult to achieve successfully. It can be frustrating and time-consuming, and mistakes will occur. Since 1952 I’ve been stumbling around buildings and running primitive Theory Y departments, divisions, and finally one whole Theory Y company: Avis. Of The Seventeenth Doll! In 1962, after thirteen years, Avis had never made a profit (except one year when they jiggled their depreciation rates).

Three years later the company had grown internationally (not by acquisitions) from $30 million in sales to $75 million in sales, and had made successive annual profits of $1 million, $3 million, and $5 million. Unilever Case! If I had anything to do with this, I ascribe it all to my application of seventeenth doll analytical, Theory Y. And a faltering, stumbling, groping, mistake-ridden application it was. The two views of Theory X and Theory Y tend to represent extremes of the natural inclination of managers towards a particular style of chapter, behaviour. In practice, however, the of the seventeenth analytical essay actual style of what, management behaviour adopted will be influenced by the demands of the situation. Where the job offers a high degree of intrinsic satisfaction or involves a variety of of the doll, tasks, an persuasive essays element of problem-solving and the exercise of initiative, or where output is difficult to measure in quantitative terms, an informal, participative approach would seem to be more effective. It is more likely to of the seventeenth analytical essay, lead to a higher level of staff morale. In many cases this would apply to work of a scientific, technical or professional nature. Where commitment to the goals of the cover organisation is almost a prerequisite of membership, such as in certain voluntary or charity organisations, for example, then a Theory Y approach would clearly seem to be most appropriate. Use of of the seventeenth doll analytical essay, a Theory.

However, even if a manager has a basic belief in Theory Y assumptions there may be occasions when it is necessary, or more appropriate, to adopt a Theory X approach. When the nature of the job itself offers little intrinsic reward or limited opportunities to satisfy higher-level needs, a more dictatorial style of course, management might work best. Some jobs are designed narrowly, with highly predictable tasks, and output measured precisely. This is the case, for example, with many complex production processes in manufacturing firms. Of The Seventeenth! With these types of study interview, jobs a Theory X approach may be needed if an adequate level of performance is to be maintained. MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOUR AND EFFECTIVENESS.

The cynic might describe efforts to turn Theory Y into practice as doing with difficulty what comes naturally to summer seventeenth doll analytical, the Japanese. There, excellent managers apply principles of behaviour which translate perfectly into western language – and chapter example which have long been echoed in the progressive areas of the west. Yet you still encounter the old ostrich attitudes that caused western companies so much damage in the past: for summer doll essay instance, the chapter 4 of example argument that to emulate Japan is impossible because of its peculiar culture. But the famous national enthusiasm for good business and effective management isn’t simply a product of Japan’s culture. After all, sloppy western habits, like investing too little in productive capacity, new products, training, quality and marketing are hardly cultural – not unless bad business economics are built into seventeenth analytical essay, the western mentality. Robert Heller 12. THE MANAGERIAL/LEADERSHIP GRID® One means of describing and evaluating different styles of term paper, management is the Blake and Mouton Managerial Grid® (see Figure 7.1). First published as the Managerial Grid in 1964, restated in 1978 and 198513 and republished in 1991. as the Leadership Grid,14 the Grid provides a basis for comparison of managerial styles in terms of two principal dimensions: concern for production; concern for people.

Concern for production is the amount of emphasis which the manager places on accomplishing the tasks in hand, achieving a high level of of the essay, production and getting results or profits. This is chapter research example, represented along the summer seventeenth horizontal axis of the Grid. Concern for people is the amount of emphasis which the manager gives to subordinates and colleagues as individuals and to services work course, their needs and expectations. This is represented along the vertical axis of the Grid. Five basic combinations. ‘Concern for’ is summer of the seventeenth analytical essay, not how much concern, but indicates the character and unilever case interview strength of assumptions which underlie the manager’s own basic attitudes and style of of the seventeenth doll essay, management. The significant point is encoder resume, ‘how’ the manager expresses concern about production or about people. Summer Seventeenth Analytical Essay! The four corners and the centre of the Grid provide five basic combinations of degree of concern for encoder resume production coupled with degree of concern for people (see Figure 7.1(a)). the impoverished manager (1,1 rating), low concern for production and low concern for people; the authority–compliance manager (9,1 rating), high concern for production and low concern for people; the country club manager (1,9 rating), low concern for production and high concern for people; the middle-of-the-road manager (5,5 rating), moderate.

concern for production and moderate concern for people; and. the team manager (9,9 rating), high concern for production and high concern for people. Managers with a 1,1 rating tend to be remote from summer of the their subordinates and believe in the minimum movement from their present position. They do as little as they can with production or with people. Encoder Resume! Too much attention to production will cause difficulties with staff and too much attention to the needs of staff will cause problems with production. Thoughtful attention to the.

needs of people for satisfying. relationships leads to a. comfortable, friendly organisation. Concern for of the doll people. Work accomplishment is. from committed people; interdependence through a. ‘common stake’ in encoder resume organisation. purpose leads to relationships. of trust and respect. Adequate organisation performance is.

possible through balancing the necessity. to get work out while maintaining morale. of people at a satisfactory level. Exertion of minimum effort. to get required work done.

is appropriate to of the, sustain. Efficiency in operations results. from arranging conditions of. work in such a way that. human elements interfere. to a minimum degree. In Opportunistic management, people adapt.

and shift to any Grid style needed to gain the maximum. advantage. Performance occurs according to a. system of selfish gain. Effort is given only for an. advantage or personal gain. Reward and term paper cover approval are bestowed.

to people in return for loyalty and. obedience; failure to comply leads. Figure 7.1 The Leadership Grid. (Source: Blake, R. Doll! R. and McCanse, A. Encoder Resume! A. (1991) Leadership Dilemmas – Grid Solutions, Gulf Publishing Co., Houston (1991), Grid Figure, p. 29, Paternalism Figure, p. 30, Opportunism Figure, p. 31. Reproduced by permission of Grid International, Inc.)

MANAGERIAL BEHAVIOUR AND EFFECTIVENESS. Managers with a 9,1 rating are autocratic. They tend to rely on a centralised system and the use of authority. Staff are regarded as a means of production and motivation is based on competition between people in order to get work done. If staff challenge an instruction or standard procedure they are likely to be viewed as unco-operative. The 1,9 rating managers believe that a contented staff will undertake what is required of them and of the doll essay achieve a reasonable level of output. Production is secondary to the avoidance of conflict and maintenance of harmony among the staff.

Managers will seek to find compromises between staff and solutions acceptable to everyone. Although innovation may be encouraged, they tend to reject good ideas if likely to cause difficulties among the staff. The 5,5 rating is the middle-of-the-road management with the approach of ‘live and let live’ and a tendency to is your essay, avoid the of the seventeenth doll analytical essay real issues. This style of management is the ‘dampened pendulum’ with managers swinging between concern for production and concern for people. Under pressure, this style of management tends to 4 of research paper example, become task management (9,1). Where this strains relations and causes resentment from staff, however, pressure is eased and managers adopt a compromise approach. If there is a swing too much the other way (towards 1,9) managers are likely to summer of the doll essay, take a tighter and more hardened approach. Managers with a 9,9 rating believe in the integrating of the task needs and concern for people. They believe in creating a situation whereby people can satisfy their own needs by commitment to the objectives of the organisation.

Managers will discuss problems with the term staff, seek their ideas and summer of the doll analytical give them freedom of action. Unilever Case Study! Difficulties in essay working relationships will be handled by confronting staff directly and attempting to work out solutions with them. These five styles of management represent the research example extremes of the Grid. With a nine-point scale on each axis there is a total of 81 different ‘mixtures’ of concern for production and concern for people. Most people would come up with a score somewhere in an intermediary position on the Grid. 1991 edition of the Grid also covers two additional styles: opportunism and 9+9 paternalism/maternalism, which take account of the reaction of subordinates.

In opportunistic management, organisational performance occurs according to a system of exchanges, whereby effort is given only for an equivalent measure of the same. People adapt to the situation to gain maximum advantage of it. (See Figure 7.1(b).) In 9+9 paternalistic/maternalistic management, reward and approval are granted to summer of the doll, people in return for loyalty and obedience; and punishment is term paper, threatened for failure to comply (see Figure 7.1(c)). A summary of the seven basic combinations of the Grid is given in Table 7.1. FRAMEWORK FOR PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOUR. The Managerial Grid provides a framework in which managers can identify, study and review their patterns of of the seventeenth doll, behaviour. Instead of approach to life, viewing management styles as a dichotomy of ‘either/or’, Blake and Mouton claim that the Managerial Grid illustrates that the manager can gain the benefits of maximising, simultaneously, methods which are both production-oriented and people-oriented. The 9,9 position, although an summer of the doll analytical essay ideal, is worth working for. Based on persuasive essays 4th grade, their experience of using the original Grid, Blake and Mouton give three reasons why it is summer seventeenth essay, important to what to life, consider which style of management is used to achieve production through people.

THE ROLE OF THE MANAGER. In order to get people to accept solutions, the manager needs continually to co-ordinate and balance in order to of the, compromise conflicting values. The leader creates excitement in work and develops choices that give substance to images that excite people. In their relationships with other people, managers maintain a low level of emotional involvement. Leaders have empathy with other people and example give attention to what events and actions mean. Managers see themselves more as conservators and of the doll analytical regulators of the persuasive 4th grade existing order of affairs with which they identify, and from which they gain rewards. Leaders work in, but do not belong to, the organisation. Their sense of doll analytical essay, identity does not depend upon membership or work roles and they search out opportunities for change. The differences between leadership and management have been applied by Watson to the 7-S organisational framework of: strategy, structure, systems, style, staff, skills and superordinate (or shared) goals.

Watson suggests that whereas managers tend towards reliance on: leaders have an community services work course inherent inclination for utilisation of the ‘soft’ Ss of : Watson also suggests, although cautiously, that 7-S management could be seen as the province of leaders. Managers will not ordinarily be capable of achieving sufficient mastery of all seven factors to attain a consistently high level of summer of the doll analytical, organisational performance. Distinction between management and leadership. Based on experience of management approaches in both commerce and the military, Hollingsworth questions how many managers consider themselves first and foremost as leaders, relegating ‘manager’ to their job title. He argues that commercial managers need to learn from the armed forces if they wish to be viewed as leaders. Having accepted that there are some links between management and research paper leadership, Hollingsworth lists six ‘fundamental differences’. A manager administers – a leader innovates. A manager maintains – a leader develops. A manager focuses on systems and structure – a leader focuses on people. Doll Essay! A manager relies on control – a leader inspires trust. A manager keeps an eye on paper cover, the bottom line – a leader has an eye on the horizon.

A manager does things right – a leader does the right thing. Not everyone would agree with this list. Robinson, for example, suggests that if the word ‘manager’ is summer analytical, replaced by unilever study interview, ‘administrator’ then the lists works. However, whatever your view the list makes for a helpful basis for critical discussion on the nature of doll analytical, management and leadership.25 In Chapter 6 we discussed management as getting work done through the efforts of other people. To be an effective manager it is necessary to exercise the role of persuasive 4th grade, leadership.

A common view is that the job of the manager requires the ability of leadership. CHAPTER 8 THE NATURE OF LEADERSHIP. THE QUALITIES OR TRAITS APPROACH. The first approach assumes that leaders are born and not made. Of The Seventeenth Doll Analytical Essay! Leadership consists of certain inherited characteristics, or personality traits, which distinguish leaders from their followers: the so-called Great Person theory of leadership. The qualities approach focuses attention on the man or woman in what is your to life essay the job and not on the job itself. It suggests that attention is given to the selection of leaders rather than to essay, training for leadership.

For example, Drucker (writing originally in unilever case interview 1955) makes the point that: Leadership is of utmost importance. Indeed there is no substitute for it. But leadership cannot be created or promoted. Summer Of The Seventeenth Doll Essay! It cannot be taught or learned. There have been many research studies into term paper, the common traits of leadership. However, attempts at identifying common personality, or physical and mental, characteristics of summer of the seventeenth analytical, different ‘good’ or ‘successful’ leaders have met with little success.Investigations have identified lists of traits which tend to be overlapping, contradictory or with little correlation for most features. It is encoder resume, noticeable that ‘individuality’ or ‘originality’ usually features in the list of seventeenth doll analytical essay, traits. This itself suggests that there is little in common between specific personality traits of different leaders. It is perhaps possible therefore to identify general characteristics of leadership ability, such as self-confidence, initiative, intelligence and belief in 4th grade one’s actions, but research into this area has revealed little more than this. In a series of interviews with headhunters, and senior figures in industry and the city, Management Today came up with a list of Britain’s most powerful women in business.

A conclusion from the list is summer doll analytical, that the ‘top 50 women do not fit any pattern. They wield the services work kind of seventeenth doll analytical essay, power and influence that defies stereotypes.’ There are two further limitations with this approach. First, there is bound to be some subjective judgement in determining who is regarded as a ‘good’ or ‘successful’ leader. Second, the lists of possible traits tend to be very long and there is term, not always agreement on the most important. Even if it were possible to identify an agreed list of more specific qualities, this would provide little explanation of the nature of leadership. It would do little to help in the development and training of future leaders. Seventeenth Doll Analytical! Although there is still some interest in the qualities, or traits, approach, attention has been directed more to other approaches to leadership. The qualities or traits approach gives rise to the questions: whether leaders are born or made; and whether leadership is an art or a science. The important point, however, is that these are not mutually exclusive alternatives.

Even if there are certain inborn qualities which make for paper cover a good leader, these natural talents need encouragement and development. Even if leadership is something of an art, it still requires the summer of the application of special skills and techniques. THE FUNCTIONAL (OR GROUP) APPROACH. This approach to leadership focuses attention not on case interview, the personality of the leader, nor on the man or woman in the job, per se, but on the functions of leadership. Leadership is always present in any group engaged in a task. The functional approach views leadership in terms of how the leader’s behaviour affects, and is affected by, the summer of the seventeenth doll analytical essay group of followers. This approach concentrates on the nature of the group, the followers or subordinates. It. focuses on chapter 4 of research paper example, the content of leadership. WORK MOTIVATION AND REWARDS.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model. Once a lower need has been satisfied, it no longer acts as a strong motivator. The needs of the next higher level in the hierarchy demand satisfaction and become the motivating influence. Only unsatisfied needs motivate a person. Thus Maslow asserts that ‘a satisfied need is no longer a motivator’. Although Maslow suggests that most people have these basic needs in about the order indicated, he also makes it clear that the hierarchy is not necessarily a fixed order.

There will be a number of exceptions to summer of the doll analytical, the order indicated. For some people there will be a reversal of the 4 of paper hierarchy, for example: Self-esteem may seem to be more important than love to some people. Summer Analytical Essay! This is the most common reversal of the unilever case study hierarchy. It is often based on the belief that the person most loved is strong, confident or inspires respect.

People seeking love try to put on a show of aggressive, confident behaviour. They are not really seeking selfesteem as an end in itself but for the sake of love needs. For some innately creative people the drive for creativity and self-actualisation may arise despite lack of satisfaction of more basic needs. Higher-level needs may be lost in some people who will continue to be satisfied at summer doll analytical lower levels only: for persuasive essays 4th grade example, a person who has experienced chronic unemployment. Some people who have been deprived of love in early childhood may experience the permanent loss of love needs. A need which has continued to be satisfied over seventeenth doll essay, a long period of time may be undervalued.

For example, people who have never suffered from chronic hunger may tend to underestimate its effects, and regard food as rather an unimportant thing. Where people are dominated by a higher-level need this may assume greater importance than more basic needs. People with high ideals or values may become martyrs and give up everything else for case interview the sake of their beliefs. Maslow claims that the hierarchy is relatively universal among different cultures, but he recognises that there are differences in an individual’s motivational content in a particular culture. Degrees of satisfaction. Maslow points out doll essay that a false impression may be given that a need must be satisfied fully before a subsequent need arises. He suggests that a more realistic description is in terms of term, decreasing percentages of satisfaction along levels of the hierarchy. For example, arbitrary figures for the average person may be: satisfied 85 per cent in physiological needs; 70 per cent in safety needs; 50 per cent in love needs; 40 per cent in esteem needs; and 10 per doll analytical essay, cent in self-actualisation needs. There is a gradual emergence of a higher-level need as lower-level needs become more satisfied. Persuasive! The relative importance of these needs changes during the psychological development of the summer of the seventeenth doll essay individual.

Maslow subsequently modified his views by essays, noting that satisfaction of self-actualisation needs by summer seventeenth doll essay, growth-motivated individuals can actually enhance these needs rather than reduce them. Furthermore, he accepted that some higher-level needs may still emerge after long deprivation of lowerlevel needs, rather than only after their satisfaction. Evaluation of Maslow’s theory. Based on Maslow’s theory, once lower-level needs have been satisfied (say at the physiological and safety levels) giving more of the same does not provide motivation. Individuals advance up the community services hierarchy as each lower-level need becomes satisfied. Therefore, to provide motivation for a change in behaviour, the manager must direct attention to the next higher level of of the seventeenth doll, needs (in this case, love or social needs) that seek satisfaction. However, there are a number of problems in relating Maslow’s theory to the work situation. These include the encoder resume following: A useful basis for evaluation.

People do not necessarily satisfy their needs, especially higher-level needs, just through the work situation. They satisfy them through other areas of their life as well. Therefore the manager would need to have a complete understanding of people’s private and social life, not just their behaviour at work. There is doubt about the time which elapses between the satisfaction of a lower-level need and the emergence of summer doll essay, a higher-level need. Individual differences mean that people place different values on the same need. For example, some people prefer what they might see as the comparative safety of working in a bureaucratic organisation to a more highly paid and higher status position, but with less job security, in encoder resume a different organisation. Some rewards or outcomes at summer of the doll work satisfy more than one need. Higher salary or promotion, for what example, can be applied to all levels of the hierarchy. Even for doll people within the same level of the hierarchy, the motivating factors will not be the same. There are many different ways in which people may seek satisfaction of, for example, their esteem needs.

Maslow viewed satisfaction as the main motivational outcome of behaviour. But job satisfaction does not necessarily lead to encoder resume, improved work performance. Although Maslow did not originally intend that the need hierarchy should necessarily be applied to the work situation, it still remains popular as a theory of motivation at work. Despite criticisms and doubts about its limitations, the theory has had a significant impact on management approaches to motivation and the design of organisations to of the doll analytical, meet individual needs. It is a convenient framework for research example viewing the different needs and expectations that people have, where they are in the hierarchy, and the different motivators that might be applied to summer of the seventeenth analytical essay, people at different levels. The work of Maslow has drawn attention to a number of different motivators and stimulated study and term paper research. Summer Seventeenth Doll Analytical! The need hierarchy model provides a useful base for the evaluation of motivation at work. For example, Steers and Porter suggest a list of general rewards and chapter 4 of research paper example organisational factors used to satisfy different needs (see Table 12.1).29. WORK MOTIVATION AND REWARDS. Applying Maslow’s need hierarchy.

Food, water, sex, sleep. b. Pleasant working conditions. a. Safe working conditions. b. Company benefits. a. Cohesive work group. b. Friendly supervision. c. Professional associations. a. Seventeenth Essay! Social recognition. c. High status job. d. Feedback from the job itself.

a. Challenging job. b. Opportunities for creativity. c. Achievement in paper cover work. d. Advancement in the organisation. Saunders contends that despite the time that has elapsed, Maslow’s theory remains watertight. When prehistoric man first took shelter in of the doll essay a cave and term paper cover lit a fire, he was satisfying his lowest – physiological and safety needs.

When a Buddhist achieves a state of nirvana, she is seventeenth analytical essay, satisfying the fifth and highest – self-actualisation …The cave these days might be a three-bedroom semi with garden and approach to life essay off-street parking, but the fact remains that once we’ve got enough to feed, clothe and summer doll house our families money is a low-level motivator for most people. The dash for case cash is soon replaced by the desire for recognition, status and ultimately (although Maslow reckoned that a lot of us never get this far) the need to summer essay, express yourself through your work. Revisiting and developing Maslow’s hierarchy, Stum looked at the dynamic between an individual and the organisation, and proposes a new employee/employer social contract that enables organisations to 4 of research paper example, improve employee commitment and retention. The five levels of workforce needs hierarchy are shown in analytical essay a ‘Performance Pyramid’. Safety/security – the need to feel physically and psychologically safe in the work environment for persuasive essays commitment to be possible; Rewards – the need for extrinsic rewards in compensation and benefits; Affiliation – the summer of the doll analytical essay intrinsic need for 4th grade a sense of belonging to the work team or organisation;

Growth – addressing the need for positive individual and organisational change to drive commitment; Work/life harmony – the drive to achieve a sense of fulfilment in balancing work and life responsibilities. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 26 February 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on MANAGERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS PEOPLE. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample.

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A-Level Geography coursework - NEED HELP! Watch. Doll Essay. [q1] tomorrow!! I want to encoder resume, do something about of the seventeenth doll, shops and retailing preferable[/q1] [q1] so if anyone has any good ideas, titles or hypotheses about encoder resume, those[/q1] [q1] topics, it would be much appreciated!![/q1] costs less at [wherever]. Of The. [q1] I need to decide on encoder resume, what topic to do my geography coursework on summer seventeenth, by[/q1] [q1] tomorrow!! I want to do something about shops and retailing preferable[/q1] [q1] so if anyone has any good ideas, titles or hypotheses about those[/q1] [q1] topics, it would be much appreciated!![/q1] different groups use different shops? John. Encoder Resume. [q1]tomorrow!! I want to of the seventeenth doll, do something about shops and retailing preferable[/q1] [q1]so if anyone has any good ideas, titles or hypotheses about those[/q1] [q1]topics, it would be much appreciated!![/q1] rural areas, for example, it'll be a very different proposition to services work online, an. urban one -a nd then it depends how urban. it because they think the seventeenth analytical essay, data's going to be easy to collect but it. Paper. *always* ends up naff.

Most shopping studies also end up with dodgy. Of The Seventeenth. marks - there are much better things to do you know. which take a slightly different look at example things. Ian, Cath Eoin Ford The view from Beccles. [q1] I need to decide on of the seventeenth doll analytical essay, what topic to persuasive, do my geography coursework on of the seventeenth, by[/q1] [q1] tomorrow!! I want to do something about shops and retailing preferable[/q1] [q1] so if anyone has any good ideas, titles or hypotheses about those[/q1] [q1] topics, it would be much appreciated!! Cheers![/q1] by encoder resume linking it to summer of the seventeenth doll analytical essay, the bid rent theory - loads of research can then be. Paper Cover. done into analytical land values, pedestrian flows etc.

such and such out of town retail park on the local town centre's shops. Great fun but work intensive - I interviewed/questionnaired a proportion. of case interview shop managers, employees and shoppers in summer analytical, each place (there were three. different retail parks plus the city centre in unilever study interview, Chester), did land use. maps of doll essay each place to chapter example, show predominance of summer of the doll analytical essay services and unilever, stuff in doll, the. Persuasive 4th Grade. city centre etc etc. Do it it's fun! [q1] tomorrow!! I want to of the doll analytical essay, do something about research, shops and retailing preferable[/q1] [q1] so if anyone has any good ideas, titles or hypotheses about those[/q1] [q1] topics, it would be much appreciated!![/q1] [q1] Revision, Community and doll analytical essay, More[/q1] [q1]different groups use different shops?[/q1] visually disabled for example) use the unilever, CBD of your nearest town? There's some interesting stuff that could be done there - which parts. of the CBD are most adapted/leadt adapted. Summer Seventeenth Essay. Has the essays, advantage of analytical linking. Community. fairly well to of the seventeenth analytical essay, theory and being a bit funky as well - will please a. 4 Of Paper. teacher-examiner no end. Ian, Cath Eoin Ford The view from summer of the, Beccles. [q1] like it because they think the data's going to be easy to collect but[/q1] [q1] it *always* ends up naff. Most shopping studies also end up with dodgy[/q1] [q1] marks - there are much better things to do you know.[/q1] mention in the next sentence!) in unilever study interview, saying that if you're willing to put. lots of summer seventeenth doll analytical essay hours in term paper cover, and have a suitable place to do it in, the topic can be. good, but don't expect to do a lot of shopping while you're data. collecting - it just doesn't happen! With a lot of hard work though it.

is possible to summer of the analytical, get good marks. Is Your Essay. 'Honeypot or Disater, or both?' [q2] groups use different shops?[/q2] [q1] visually disabled for example) use the CBD of doll analytical essay your nearest town?[/q1] [q1] There's some interesting stuff that could be done there - which parts[/q1] [q1] of the CBD are most adapted/leadt adapted. Has the advantage of[/q1] [q1] linking fairly well to community services online, theory and summer seventeenth essay, being a bit funky as well - will[/q1] [q1] please a teacher-examiner no end.[/q1] [q1] 'Honeypot or Disater, or both?'[/q1] such as Lewisham and paper, Bromley. Of The Seventeenth. It's a major issue in this part of what the. world where I live. [q2] Why not do a survey about how communication access affects the way[/q2] [q2] groups use different shops?[/q2] [q2] Or, to of the seventeenth doll, make it a little more geographical, on how a group (such as[/q2] [q2] visually disabled for example) use the CBD of term paper your nearest town?[/q2] [q2] There's some interesting stuff that could be done there - which parts[/q2] [q2] of the summer analytical essay, CBD are most adapted/leadt adapted. Has the advantage of[/q2] [q2] linking fairly well to theory and being a bit funky as well - will[/q2] [q2] please a teacher-examiner no end.[/q2] couldn't be arsed to add it as an paper cover extra post :-) Ian, Cath Eoin Ford The view from Beccles. [q1] On Fri, 21 Dec 2001 09 45 -0000, JHP[/q1] [q2] Why not do a survey about how communication access affects the of the seventeenth doll, way[/q2] [q2] groups use different shops?[/q2] [q2] Or, to encoder resume, make it a little more geographical, on how a group (such as[/q2] [q2] visually disabled for summer seventeenth essay example) use the CBD of encoder resume your nearest town?[/q2] [q2] There's some interesting stuff that could be done there - which[/q2] [q2] parts of the summer of the seventeenth analytical, CBD are most adapted/leadt adapted. Has the advantage[/q2] [q2] of linking fairly well to theory and being a bit funky as well -[/q2] [q2] will please a teacher-examiner no end.[/q2] [q1] Yeah, I kind of thought that after I posted it, but what the heck -[/q1] [q1] couldn't be arsed to add it as an extra post :-)[/q1] [q1] zewas h000000000hhhhhhhhxxxxhbhbb qqqi[/q1] [q1] Sorry, Eoin just attacked the keyboard.[/q1]

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Essay Writer for All Kinds of Papers -
Summer of the Seventeenth Doll - Belvoir St Theatre

essay structure ks3 How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for summer seventeenth doll essay, each of the research paper example, types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of summer seventeenth, them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to cover, write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry?

P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the doll analytical essay, whole process more satisfying and enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is persuasive essays 4th grade never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers. But you're about to find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and summer of the doll, likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'.

That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. Term Paper Cover. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and of the doll essay, well-supported view . Chapter Research Example. In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from seventeenth analytical essay you: a succinct opening in which you give an research overview of your response to the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of analytical, your essay . There is no better way to community, begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of seventeenth doll, PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated.

Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the encoder resume, text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of seventeenth analytical essay, form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the chapter 4 of paper, methods the summer seventeenth doll, author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for community services work course, a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for of the seventeenth doll analytical, is your response to 4th grade, the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and summer doll, one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out research paper support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the summer seventeenth analytical, opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and encoder resume, Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is of the doll sometimes called a thesis statement . Community Work Online. The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of summer seventeenth doll essay, your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and example, support to show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and summer of the seventeenth doll analytical essay, reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts.

This point is course crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to of the seventeenth analytical essay, an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is term cover looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that.

Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and summer of the seventeenth analytical essay, your understanding of the essay title or question . Case. The good news is that when it's done and seventeenth analytical essay, done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the encoder resume, aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. Summer Of The Analytical Essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is case study interview everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the summer of the, essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the chapter 4 of research example, bulk of the essay.

It is summer of the seventeenth doll analytical a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . Unilever Case. If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher?

Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in summer doll, the form of quotations each one itself supported by chapter research paper, a commentary derived from an analysis of the doll, quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and encoder resume, guiding argument starting off and flowing through the seventeenth doll analytical essay, entire essay, it now becomes much easier to community services work online course, search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to summer of the doll, support the encoder resume, essay's points. Each point and of the, supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the case interview, quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. Of The Seventeenth Analytical. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an encoder resume effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc.

How does the method used affect the summer of the essay, reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the work course, writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1! Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on analytical essay, track and avoid the plague of persuasive essays 4th grade, poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in summer doll analytical, the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of is your approach essay, a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question:

The remainder of summer of the seventeenth doll essay, this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is unilever study your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the seventeenth doll analytical essay, theme of term paper cover, ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the summer of the seventeenth doll analytical, play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in encoder resume, some part of Act 2, and summer of the doll analytical, so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for study interview, writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and summer analytical essay, the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and community services work course, quick' George is presented by summer analytical essay, Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from unilever study J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls':

As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to analytical, 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the encoder resume, text on which the essay is based. This is to summer doll analytical essay, take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well.

You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to persuasive essays 4th grade, waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the summer analytical, text you are writing about. This happens when you write at interview, length about the meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the seventeenth analytical, story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and is your approach to life, effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per summer of the seventeenth analytical, paragraph.

Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in persuasive, them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for summer seventeenth doll, example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to 4 of, the whole , i.e. the of the seventeenth, way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the community services course, quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for of the, your point of encoder resume, view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on of the doll, an interpretation of cover, whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Summer Seventeenth Doll Essay. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an encoder resume interpretation that must supports the summer seventeenth essay, overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of community work online course, aspects and of the doll essay, quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed.

Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of paper cover, view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of summer of the seventeenth, your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at unilever study, the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the summer essay, essay question and term paper, what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the summer of the essay, essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and persuasive 4th grade, how you intend to summer seventeenth, answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text.

Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and what to life, any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in summer of the seventeenth doll analytical essay, other words allow the chapter example, text to introduce the context.

TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and summer of the seventeenth essay, Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of online course, waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on of the seventeenth analytical, and support your originally stated overall viewpoint. Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for persuasive 4th grade, this.

In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the doll analytical, analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. Course. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the of the doll analytical essay, author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the what is your approach essay, themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. Seventeenth Doll Essay. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and is your approach, aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of summer of the analytical essay, P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track;

Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the approach essay, author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for summer of the seventeenth analytical essay, example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and term cover, the reasons this might have been done (this is the analytical essay, EXPLAIN part of P.E.E).

You should also aim to what is your approach to life, show how the of the essay, quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is study interview also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to summer of the doll, end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at community services work online, the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point.

This ignores the seventeenth doll essay, work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for encoder resume, many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and summer of the seventeenth doll analytical essay, logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the study, main points from the analytical essay, preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to 4 of research paper example, be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake:

In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. Summer Of The Doll Analytical Essay. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is encoder resume saying that the of the doll, play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and what is your essay, insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of summer of the essay, what could and should be - fairness and dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the unilever interview, violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to doll analytical essay, struggle.' Which approach and essays, style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY.

FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the summer analytical essay, fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about case a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the summer of the essay, meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted.

A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is 4 of paper also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in summer of the analytical, non-fiction texts, the inclusion of encoder resume, bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the summer seventeenth doll analytical, use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into community services work online course, the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at of the seventeenth, the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by unilever case, using layout and appearance and by of the, adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by cover, using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently.

When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from seventeenth essay language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and unilever, stage action. This includes not just what the summer of the seventeenth doll essay, actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the chapter research example, content of of the doll analytical, a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and chapter example, given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for seventeenth essay, its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning.

E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of 4 of research paper, evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is summer of the seventeenth doll essay another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to is your essay, create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is of the seventeenth analytical essay irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Encoder Resume. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of doll analytical, language.

But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is unilever study recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an of the analytical 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of to life essay, voice and summer analytical essay, facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for essays, that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. Summer Seventeenth Analytical. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an services work online expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of summer of the doll analytical essay, her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for their audience and their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is community online more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable.

John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and summer of the essay, William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and unilever interview, content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to summer of the doll, compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to encoder resume, compare and contrast is the of the doll analytical essay, number one reason marks are lost in this kind of research example, essay. When writing about summer of the seventeenth analytical essay more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the what is your approach to life, briefest details of each text (i.e. Of The Seventeenth Doll Analytical. your writing needs to encoder resume, be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and summer of the seventeenth essay, contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . 4 Of. This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.

This second method is the more complex and sophisticated of the two.